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Research Briefs:

As part of our long-standing commitment to nutrition, the National Dairy Council has, for nearly a century, supported scientific research to better understand the role of dairy in a healthy diet. This page was created to assist you in keeping up-to-date on the latest dairy research. Below you will find research summaries and abstracts.  

The research briefs included on this page are ideal for teachers, health and school nutrition professionals, parents and kids. If you can't find what you're looking for, please email the Dairy Council of Utah and Nevada here.

Be sure to visit the Educational Materials page for downloadable handouts and materials. 

Latest Research: "Clearing up Confusion on the Role of Dairy in Children's Diets"  AAP News, June 2007


Dairy Council Digests

The Dairy Council Digest is a bimonthly publication that provides an accurate, comprehensive review of the latest research on topics ranging from the health benefits of calcium to dairy's role in weight management.  Only the latest issues appear below.  A chronological library of issues from 1998 to the present may be accessed by clicking on the Dairy Council Digest Archives link.  

The Role of Protein in Satiety and Weight Management Sep/Oct 09

Nutrient Rich Foods: A Positive Approach to Building Healthier Diets Jul/Aug 09

Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes: Dairy's Potential Protective Role May/Jun 09

Child Nutrition: A Focus on Dairy Foods Mar/Apr 09

Dairy Foods, Dairy Nutrients and Blood Pressure Jan/Feb 09

Flavored Milk: Questions and Answers Nov/Dec 08

Lactose Intolerance Revisited Sep/Oct 08

Functional Dairy Foods: Making Healthy Eating Easier Jul/Aug 08

Dairy Protein Benefits for Physically Active People May/Jun 08

School Breakfast: Improving Students' Minds and Bodies Mar/Apr 08

Dairy Foods and Cancer Prevention - Dairy Council Digest Jan/Feb 08

Health Benefits of Dairy Foods: An Update - Dairy Council Digest Nov/Dec 07

Nutrient Rich Food Choices First: Key To A Healthful Diet - Dairy Council Digest Sep/Oct 07

A Perspective on Sugars and Health - Dairy Council Digest Jul/Aug 07  

Modern Dairy Farming Practices and Milk Quality: Myth and Facts - Dairy Council Digest May/Jun 07

A New Appreciation For Vitamin D - Dairy Council Digest Mar/Apr 07

Understanding Nutrition Claims on Food Labels - Dairy Council Digest Jan/Feb 07

Dairy Council Digest Archives


Nutrition & Health News Alerts - Summary of latest Dairy research

The following provides a library of the most recent Nutrition & Health News Alerts and Summaries of the latest Dairy research. Please click on the links to read the full reports.

April - June, 2008 –

Want a Great Smile? Brush, Floss… Eat Yogurt; DASH to Dairy to Lower Blood Pressure; Fast Fact: New Online Menu Planner Helps Consumers Build Better Diets; Reminder: June is National Dairy Month and more


January - March, 2008 

Calcium Protein - Strong Bones; Will Drinking Milk Help Girls Breathe Easier?; Calcium and Beyond: Dairy Foods, Fruits and Vegetables May Help with Bone Fractures and Hypertension; MyPyramid; Plan for Pregnancy Breast-feeding and more


October - December, 2007 

Calcium & Vitamin D may work together to reduce cancer risk; Dairy calcium may help defend against breast cancer; Milk may reduce metabolic syndrome in men; Milk wins when it comes to post-exercise rehydration; African-American girls missing out on key nutrients and more


July - September, 2007 

Calcium From Food May Benefit Bones More Than Supplements; Dairy Intake May Protect against Prostate Cancer in Smokers; Kids May Breathe Easier if Mom Increases Vitamin D Intake; Harvard Study Links Calcium and Vitamin D Intakes with Reduced Breast Cancer Risk; Cheese May Help Older Americans Stay Sharp and more


Current Awareness Reports

The following provides a library of the most recent Current Awareness reports. Please click on the link to read the full reports.

September 2010

Girls (11-18 years) with the lowest calcium intakes had increased body fat and lower vitamin and mineral intakes as compared to girls with the highest intakes of calcium; An increased intake of added sugars compromises the intake of more nutritious foods; Vitamin D-fortified fluid milk is ranked higher than other commonly consumed beverages when assessing nutrient density in relationship to climate impact of production; Vitamin D insufficiency is associated with cognitive function, particularly in older women and more

August 2010

Saturated fat intake was associated with a lower risk of dying from stroke; Consistent evidence of an association between consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and incident cardiometabolic risk; State-specific prevalence of overweight and obesity among U.S. children and adolescents; The potential benefits of increased dietary protein during weight loss, and the importance of including high-quality protein at each meal and more

July 2010

Consuming 3 servings of low-fat dairy foods vs. carbohydrate-rich foods of the same calorie content reduces a marker of inflammation in obese adults; Diets with 54 g of whey protein improve blood pressure and vascular function in overweight and obese adults; Early exposure to cow’s milk protein as a supplement to breast feeding may promote tolerance; The effects of whey protein supplementation on skeletal muscle mass when combined with heavy resistance training are reviewed and more

June 2010

Summary and link to the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee technical report; Adding visible cheese to menu items containing fruit, vegetables, and whole grains is a “quickly accepted” strategy to increase consumption of these nutrient-rich foods; Cheese intake was associated with a lower risk of first heart attack in Swedish women; A potential role for certain cheeses in suppressing cancer cell growth; Lactic acid bacteria enhanced the effectiveness of a chemotherapeutic agent on colon cancer cells; Daily intake of a probiotic in yogurt significantly reduced the risk of the common cold; The health effects of high fructose corn syrup indicates no need to ban or restrict its use in the food supply and more

May 2010

Strategies to reduce Americans' sodium intake; Participants favor yogurt as dairy option; President's task force on childhood obesity; Only minor differences in fatty acid composition of milks with differing label claims; Dairy rich diet is safe and practical for weight control in young overweight children; Total milk and dairy intake at 2 years was not associated with overweight at 3 years; Calcium's indirect effect on body fat accumulation in children; Seminar on childhood obesity; Effective management strategies for lactose intolerance; Reporting symptoms of lactose intolerance does not always indicate lactose malabsorption and more

April 2010

Girls’ early soda intake predicted soda, milk, and nutrient intake later in adolescence; The role of milk- and soy-based protein in supporting muscle growth in young and older adults; Estimates of usual calcium and Vitamin D intakes from all sources, including diet, water, dietary supplements, and antacid consumption; 3 servings of low-fat milk enhances the benefit of a calorie-restricted diet; Cheese fortified with probiotics enhances innate immunity in the elderly; Health effects of milks enriched with oleic acid and long chain omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) and more

March 2010

A summary of the draft statement of the NIH Consensus Development Conference on Lactose Intolerance and Health; Milk products are among the most affordable food sources of nutrients; Symposium proceedings addressing science-based approaches to nutrient profiling from a global policy perspective; Dietary calcium and Vitamin D may be associated with decreased risk of cervical cancer; Whey protein consumed before a meal reduced blood glucose and insulin levels after a meal and more

February 2010

Role of Dairy Beverages in the Diet; Changing Patterns of Beverage Use; Analysis found no association between saturated fat intake and cardiovascular disease; Replacing saturated fat with Carbohydrate in the diet may increase cardiovascular risk; Increasing Vitamin D fortification of milk, chocolate milk and yogurt is feasible; Canada's efforts to reduce dietary sodium intake; Caution urged in universal reduction of dietary sodium; Isoflavone-enriched milk helps reduce bone loss in rats; Adding whole milk to coffee does not affect the bioavailability of phenolic antioxidants; The effect of varying fat levels of milk on black tea antioxidant capacity; Whey protein may have potential to modulate immunity and more

January 2010

Calcium and Vitamin D reduce total fractures; How Calcium and Vitamin D work together to decrease risk of chronic disease; Increasing dairy food intake suppresses oxidative and inflammatory stress associated with overweight and obesity; Stearic acid may be a reasonable substitute for trans fatty acids and other saturated fats in solid fat applications; Dairy food intake does not affect bone mineral content after weight loss; Higher salt intake is associated with increased risk of strokes and cardiovascular events; There is little evidence that childhood obesity is an independent risk factor for adult cardiovascular disease risk; Higher low-fat milk intake is associated with lower blood pressure in whites and more

December 2009

Strong evidence that calcium and Vitamin D protect against Breast Cancer; Protein intake is modestly favorable to bone; High dairy calcium increases fat and energy excretion; No association found between amount and type of dietary fat and weight change; A milk-mucus hypothesis in need of testing; Drinking little or no milk in adolescence is associated with greater weight gain; New estimates for the calcium requirement of adolescents and more

November 2009 –

Adequate calcium intake without adequate protein intake may not protect against fracture; Four risk factors for obesity do not have a caloric value; Higher calcium and Vitamin D intakes are associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes; High protein diet has no harmful effects on bone in rats; Lower intakes of grains, vegetables, and milk associated with higher marker of inflammation in children and teens; Iron-fortified milk increases iron stores in New Zealand toddlers and more

October 2009 –

NMA statement on lactose intolerance; New estimates of lactose intolerance based on self report; Consumers like lactose-free milk more than soy beverages; Consumption of dairy foods benefits blood pressure in a subgroup of responders; IOM releases report on school meals and more

September 2009 –

High dairy diet augments fat loss during energy restriction; Dairy components play a role in gene expression regulating energy metabolism and inflammation; Life-long milk consumption reduces body fatness, and age related muscle loss and inflammatory stress in mice; Individual whey proteins influence weight loss and maintenance differently; A novel whey-derived peptide improves vascular function in healthy adults; AHA issues statement on sugars and heart health; Genetics influences milk requirements in European girls; Review finds no nutritional difference between organically and conventionally produced crops and products and more

August 2009 –

Vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency is common in children and adolescents; Low Vitamin D status in adolescents is associated with cardiovascular risk; Higher Vitamin D status has modest positive effect on calcium absorption in early puberty; Review addresses Vitamin D deficiency and risk for cardiovascular disease; Intake of lowfat dairy foods is associated with improvements in diet quality and body composition in college students; Healthy dietary and lifestyle habits impact incidence of high blood pressure in women; A dash-style diet is associated with reduced risk for kidney stones; Whey and soy protein stimulate muscle protein synthesis more than casein; Early intake of sweetened beverages predicts body fatness across childhood and adolescence and more

July 2009 –

Supplement reports evidence for the role of dairy foods in nutrient adequacy and chronic disease risk; In search of the optimal nutrient-rich foods algorithm; Milk-fat intake is associated with lower risk of a first stroke; 

Nutrient density is a basic principle for positive dietary guidance; Nutrient profile models tested in relation to energy density and cost; Low muscle mass and strength associated with higher risk for the metabolic syndrome; Milk availability at meals associated with higher calcium intakes into adulthood and more

June 2009 –

Skim milk compared to a fruit drink increases satiety and decreases calorie intake in overweight adults; Adherance to the dash dietary pattern may prevent type 2 diabetes; Estimated Vitamin D requirement for older adults; Increased calcium intake only improves bone mineral density in women with lower Vitamin D status; Vitamin D may improve athletic performance in Vitamin D-deficient athletes and more

May 2009 –

Head Start moms who had a high milk and low sweetened beverage intake had better overall diets than those in other beverage consuming groups; Milk, rather than other calcium sources, is associated with better bone mass in adolescent girls; A plant-based diet with low dairy consumption may jeopardize bone health; Milk enriched with fish oil and selected vitamins improved nutritional status and cardiovascular risk markers when compared to skimmed or semi-skimmed milk; Ice cream may be a good vehicle for delivery of calcium, since calcium absorption from fortified ice cream was comparable to that of milk; Calcium, magnesium, and milk intakes were linked to protection against type 2 diabetes and more

April 2009 –

Benefits of dietary protein for adult health offers concepts from new research for improving the next Dietary Guidelines; DASH-type diet is associated with lower all-cause mortality in hypertensive adults; Low sodium DASH-type diets containing red meat lowers blood pressure in postmenopausal women; The relationship between early infant feeding and diabetes, conclude that “very early exposure to cow’s milk is not a risk factor for type 1 diabetes is studied and more

March 2009 –

Age-related decreases as much as 33% among both males and females in more nutrient-dense beverages, such as fruit juice and milk; Elderly postmenopausal women in Australia with a high potassium intake (indicated by potassium excretion) had higher total hip and total body bone mineral density than those with a low potassium intake; Statements on metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents and the other outlining strategies for implementing pediatric and adult nutrition guidelines; Differences in Vitamin D status and bone mineral density among subgroups of Hispanic men; Information regarding participant acceptance of revised food packages, including lower fat milk and more

February 2009 –

Adequate dairy intake is associated with lower body fat in adolescents; Higher intake of calcium and dairy foods is associated with lower risk of colon cancer; Consuming dairy foods is associated with improved survival; Fat excretion partially explains calcium’s weight loss benefits; Calcium and dairy foods influence many components of energy and fat balance; Low-fat dairy food consumption was associated with lower blood pressure in older persons; Long-term consumption of soft drinks negatively impacts bone health of German children and adolescents; Heart disease and stroke statistics 2009 update and more

January 2009 –

Milk consumption is associated with greater insulin sensitivity in children; A higher calcium intake is distinctly related to lower body weight/fatness; How components of dairy foods may reduce the risk of the metabolic syndrome; Genes involved in intestinal lipid metabolism may contribute to dairy’s antiobesity effect; Ultra high temperature treatment affects the after-meal kinetics of milk proteins in humans; Protein dose to maximize muscle protein synthesis after resistance training; Milk proteins have an advantage over soy proteins for building muscle; Health effects of milk and fermented dairy products and more

December 2008 –

Encourages kids to drink only milk or water between meals; Whey protein stimulates muscle protein synthesis more than its essential amino acid content; Infrequent consumption of calcium-rich foods was found to increase the risk of metabolic syndrome by 61% among adults in Illinois; Girls are 5.6 times more likely to consume milk during cereal breakfasts compared with non-cereal breakfasts - and as a result consumed significantly more calcium and more

October 2008 –

No Support for Association of Dairy Product Use and Risk of Prostate Cancer; Flavored Milk Consumption Linked to Improved Body Composition in Kids and Height in Boys; New Health Claim for Calcium and Vitamin D and Osteoporosis; Clinical Report Doubling the Recommended Intake of Vitamin D for Infants, Children and Adolescents; Vitamin D Symposium Proceedings; Vitamin D Intakes and Status are Low in German Adults; Does Vitamin D Insufficiency Have A Role in Parkinson’s Disease?; Calcium Supplementation and Kidney Stone Risk Reviewed; Calcium and Vitamin D Reverses Adverse Mammary Gland Changes in Mice Induced By Western Style Diet; A Snack of Lowfat Yogurt with Plant Sterols Lowers Cholesterol Levels; New 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans; USDA Launches New Pyramid for Preschoolers and more

September 2008 –

Dairy Calcium Associated with Reduced Incidence of Stroke Among Middle-Aged Japanese; Milk-Derived Tripeptides Have Blood Pressure Lowering Effects; Calcium and Vitamin D Have Key Role in Prevention of Colorectal Cancer; Calcium, Vitamin D and Testosterone Levels Help Reduce Risk of Falling in Older Men and Women; Impact of Moderately High and Low Salt Intakes on Calcium Metabolism in Postmenopausal Women; Less Acculturated Latinos May Have More Healthful Diets and more

August 2008 –

Children with low calcium intakes benefit from increasing calcium and dairy food intake; Childhood dairy intake benefits adolescent bone health; A higher dairy intake of 3-4 servings per day was associated with significantly lower fat mass in postmenopausal women; Low-fat dairy consumption was associated with lower blood pressure in older persons and more

July 2008 –

Reduced-fat milk (2%) is now appropriate for children 12 months to 2 years of age if the child is overweight or has a family history of heart disease; Conventional milk with milks labeled "rbST-free" or "organic" found there were no meaningful differences in the milk composition relative to quality, nutrition, or hormone content; Vitamin D is equally bioavailable from fortified Cheddar cheese, low-fat cheese, and Vitamin D supplements; Feeding a mixture of prebiotics to formula-fed infants reduced allergic reactions and infections during the first two years of life and more

June 2008 

Low dairy intake partly explains ethnic disease disparity; Proceedings of the 2007 Protein Summit; Americans are not consuming the most nutrient-dense foods; Are current calcium recommendations for adolescents too high or just right?; Sucrose and high fructose corn syrup have similar metabolic effects; Does social class predict diet quality?; Nutrient profiling system helps indentify foods of good nutritional quality for their price; Fat from red meat, dairy products, and fish not associated with prostate cancer risk and more

May 2008 –

Dairy consumption favorably impacts potassium intake in all age groups; Consumption of dairy reduces markers of oxidative and inflammatory stress, a factor contributing to metabolic disease; Calcium supplementation increases fat oxidation in young women; Dairy-rich DASH-type diet is more effective than routine care at lowering blood pressure and improving diet quality of adolescents with hypertension or prehypertension; A prospective cohort study of more than 88,000 female nurses found that adherence to a DASH-style diet was associated with lower risk of coronary heart disease and stroke and more

April 2008 –

Consuming either flavored or plain milk is associated with higher intakes of Vitamin A, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and potassium by children and adolescents without adversely affecting BMI; A moderate frequency of cheese consumption is not associated with cardiovascular risk in men or women; A 10-year prospective study in more than 28,000 middle aged women in the U.S. found that a higher intake of low-fat dairy foods was associated with an 11% lower risk of developing high blood pressure and more

March 2008 –

A higher intake of dairy foods is associated with a significant 13% lower risk of developing the metabolic syndrome; Higher intakes of phosphorus, as well as calcium and magnesium were associated with significantly lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure; Several articles discuss the comparative effects of industrially produced and ruminant trans fatty acids on cardiovascular health and more

December 2007 –

WIC Food Package Report; Milk vs. Sugar-Only Beverage; Vitamin D Reduces Risk of Breast Cancer; Trends in Fermented Milks; Sphingolipids; Reducing Colorectal Cancer Risk; Children Under-Consuming Dairy and more

November 2007 –

AICR Report on Diet and Cancer; Ethnicity & Chocolate Milk Preferences; Milk Improves Boys' Bones Metabolism; DASH Diet; Milk, Cholesterol in Japanese Men; Obesity in Mexican-Americans; Animal Protein Preserves Muscle Mass and more

September 2007 –

Milk After Exercise Builds Muscle; Milk is an Effective Post-Exercise Hydrator; Dairy, Fish, Grain Reduce Risk of Metabolic Syndrome; Calcium Leads to Improvements in Insulin Resistance Syndrome; Cheese Prevents Metabolic Syndrome; Soft Drinks Lead to Risk of Metabolic Syndrome; High Sugar Intake Increases Uric Acid in Men and more

August 2007 –

Dairy Reduces Metabolic Syndrome; Calcium Reduces Risk of Breast Cancer; Milk-Drinking Children Have Lower BMI; Calcium Levels in American Indians; Vitamin D Deficiency Treatment; Low Vitamin D Levels Increases Blood Pressure; Phytosterols in Milk and more


For additional research and handouts, visit www.NationalDairyCouncil.org